Lhasa - "dwelling place of the gods", it was chosen as the capital of the Tibetan kings State.Until now, researchers in Central Asia can not solve all the mysteries of the city until the end.Lhasa refers to the mystery and the centuries-old building - the Potala Palace.Its beauty and grandeur it affects people or one hundred years.Every year this place of pilgrimage for Buddhists seek to thousands of tourists.
Lhasa.Potala Palace - the main attraction
Chinese city of Lhasa is located in the beautiful valley of the river Dzichu that flows through the Tibetan Plateau.Altitude Lhasa is at an altitude of 3680 meters.For years, there was the residence of the Dalai Lama.Only in 1979 the city became accessible to tourists, until that time the entrance was closed to foreigners here.Barkhor Street vkoltsevuyu passes through the center.If you believe the legend, in the center of the ring was a lake, there lived evil spirits.To the townspeople lived quietly, filled the lake, and on this place built Jokhang M
Potala Palace, Tibet: History buildings
According to legend, the original Potala Palace is still in the VII century, the king lifted Srontszangambo.The building was under construction for Princess Wencheng, his future wife.The building stretches from the foot to the top of the mountain, it has united thousands of buildings, made in Tibetan style.During the hostilities in those years Tufanskaya dynasty collapsed, and many rooms of the palace were simply destroyed.Over time, natural disasters are also badly affect the state of the walls construction.Reconstruction began only in 1645.At that time, the Qing government defined the ruler of Tibet - the Dalai Lama the Fifth.Palace and became his residence.
Potala Palace consisted of two parts - red and white.The White Palace was built in 1653, and in 1694 completed the construction of the Red.The total height of the building from the ground, stone, wood was 117 meters.The width of the palace - 335 meters.Thirteen floors occupy more than 130,000 square meters, now the whole area covers 360 thousand square meters.Palace includes more than 1,100 rooms and halls, 200 thousand a variety of sculptures, more than 10 thousand hours.
Description Potala Palace
Let us consider what it looks like the Potala Palace.As mentioned above, it is the spirit of the pieces - white and red.The White Palace is located quarters of the Dalai Lama, the Red Palace is a place of worship.In the courtyard are built business premises and monks' cells.It is best to start exploring the Red Palace with top facilities, in particular the chapel of Maitreya.Entrance to the chapel located on the lower tier.The western part is occupied by the tombs of the Dalai Lamas, here is the government premises.In the solar pavilion he lived, worked, wrote the sacred texts of the Dalai Lama, was engaged in management.Grand Pavilion was used for official ceremonies.Hall Pabalakan Cave-Fa Wang, who is considered to be a special part of the buildings were still of VII century.
raised at the Potala.Attractions
sacred place for Buddhists is the Potala Palace, Tibet receives thousands of pilgrims each year.Raising the palace begins at the foot of a wall of white space.A winding stone path will lead to the east gate, which depicts four alohani.The pavilion can be accessed through the palace wall, its height of four meters.
Halfway gaze presents a huge terrace, its area is 1600 square meters.Hence, the Dalai Lama appealed to the faithful gathered here.Further down the hall you can climb to the largest pavilion - Pochzhangabo Tsotsin.It was here in 1653 to hold religious ceremonies, when Emperor Shunzhi bestowed the Fifth Dalai Lama a gold seal and a diploma.At the same time, and it was raised to the rank of saints.
Wherever shows the Potala Palace, visible to the part where there are eight tombs, the so-called pagodas, stupas.The most luxurious and largest is the pagoda of the Fifth Dalai Lama.It is covered with gold leaf, it was spent 3721 kg.The tomb inlaid with rare jewels.
The largest and the oldest part of the palace
largest pavilion Pochzhanmabo holds a plaque on which the inscriptions left the Qing Emperor Qianlong and amazing curtain, donated by Emperor Kangxi.Tradition says that in order to weave these curtains was built a special workshop for making them took a year.The oldest part of the palace is considered Snoyagal Pavilion.It is here that for many years stored sculpture Srontszangambo great king, all the dignitaries and Princess Wencheng.Sasronlantsze - the highest pavilion here sacrifices memorial tablet and the image of Emperor Qianlong.
Beauty Potala Palace
Potala Palace appears before the eyes of travelers as the majestic structure of indescribable beauty.Golden roof, granite walls, graceful eaves with gilded decorations give the structure a fabulous, fantastic image.On colored wall paintings - paintings of Buddhas and alohaney, a true reproduction of life, activities of the Dalai Lama the Fifth.There is also reflected solemn entry of Princess Wencheng to Tibet.The paintings reflect the entire development of Buddhism, an ancient Tibetan culture.The oldest architectural ensemble - the Potala Palace - is indestructible symbol of Tibet, the fruit of the mind, the talent of the Chinese people.It shows the cultural unity between the Han Chinese and Tibetans.