Belgium - tiny kingdom in the heart of Europe.It is loved by millions of tourists from all over the world, including from Russia.Here, a surprising combination of different cultures, ancient and modern urban life, and the people are different hospitality and courtesy.What language is spoken in Belgium?How best to explain to the citizens understand the tourists?What sights to see and try the national cuisine?Such questions often take travelers seeking to visit this small but interesting country.
most numerous languages
So, to clarify, what language is in Belgium, is a public and universally recognized.In most cases the local population speaks the dialect of the southern Dutch (Flemish).It is spoken by more than 5 and a half million people living mainly in the northern part of the country, the region of Flanders and a few in the central district.At least for the everyday language used and the French, it is essential for 4 and a half million citizens.Especially often it is melodic sound can be found
German dialect in the annexed territories
What is the official language in Belgium is the most numerically small?The answer is simple: German.Its spread, he received a small area of land that became part of the country after the First World War.To communicate it uses no more than 70 thousand people living on the border with the Federal Republic of Germany, mostly ethnic Germans.Total in Belgium, home to about 10 million people, many of them are used for daily use, and the Dutch, French and dialects.
Background The development of the European kingdom
In order to understand the language spoken in Belgium, and why it is so historically, need a small excursion into the past.In 1830, the Netherlands rebellion broke out, which led to the revolution and the emergence of a new, independent kingdom.His lands were formed two major ethnic groups: the Walloons (French origin) and Flemish (Dutch roots), respectively, appeared and linguistic separation.Each national group sought to dominate, the autonomy of culture, statehood and law.In the late 20th century, the language issue was decided on the highest level.The Constitution has been amended on the significance of the different dialects.It happened three times in 1971, 1980, 1993, some controversial issues raised so far.
What is the reason for the Belgian variety
know the answer to the question of what language is spoken in Belgium, it can be looked into even more distant past.Thus, at various times the territory of modern kingdoms were ruled by many different rulers.The country led by the Romans, the conquerors of Spain, Napoleon and many other alien rulers.Because of this "salad" in Belgium was a difficult national, linguistic, cultural and religious structure, which today is finally beginning to exist in harmony and mutual understanding.However, 10 years ago in a kingdom there is a considerable number of controversial issues.So, to negotiate at the highest level or court proceedings necessary to determine in advance the language in which they will be carried out, that you will agree, is quite problematic.
What language other than the state, spoken in Belgium
When viewed from the main attractions of the tourists come in handy and English, though he is not a state, but rather distributed among local people.If you need to explain in a store or order a meal in the restaurant, most likely, you will understand and are willing to help make the right choice.Despite the complexity of culture Belgium fairly conservative country, so it does not expect that the local residents will be explained with visiting Russian or Chinese, to be better prepared.
the Statistics and Immigration
to answer the question of what language is spoken in Belgium, has become more obvious, and require dry statistical information.So:
- 85% of the population know the Dutch (or dialect);
- 32% of the population knows French.
From this information we can conclude that many locals equally good command of two languages, but prefer to choose any one as the core, guided by their personal considerations.
Many of our fellow citizens come to this European country, not only to explore the local culture, but also to find a new job.Of the economic system, the headquarters of the European Union, NATO and a number of other major world organizations - all of Belgium.The official language, or rather, its diversity, can quickly join the ranks of the local residents and to succeed in business.