Monorail in Moscow photo from the window of her train - this Ostankino tower and television center VVC, downloaded highways and streets, urban landscapes.For a long time it was used not as a transport and as entertainment.Is there monorail in Moscow serious prospects?
Moscow Monorail (MMTS) appeared on the north of the capital in 2004.For a while she worked in the tour mode, and later its main task was to transport passengers.Nevertheless, it is not very popular, although tourists are happy to ride in trains past the Ostankino television center and tower, reaching to ENEA.However, the route includes some of the industrial zone and just not very notable areas.
MMTS Initially the idea came when the capital was fighting for the right to host the exhibition "Expo-2010" - its basic platform would VVC, so needed transport, convenient to the entrance to the center.They became and monorail in Moscow.The cost of this project was huge, and although the exhibition still took place in another city,
Monorail connects Moscow metro station "Timiryazevskaya" and "ENEA", passing over the October Railway, Altufevskim and Dmitrov highway, Prospekt Mira.Total 6 stations on the line, the distance between them is about 700-800 meters.The list from west to east: Timiryazevskaya Street Milashenkova, Telecenter, street Academician Korolev, Russia Exhibition Centre and the street Sergei Eisenstein.
creation of this line has made it possible to avoid a trip to the underground through the center, reducing the total time en route to 2-3.So, after 10 years of work what are the results and prospects?Will the monorail in Moscow, the circuit which includes only one short line, to develop in the future?
Features and reviews
Currently monorail in Moscow - this is the maximum ridership of 7,000 passengers per hour, six coaches and 44 seats.The composition can reach speeds up to 60 km / h, although, as a rule, he moves slowly.The path between two endpoints takes about 16 minutes, and it really saves time, because Kaluga-Riga and Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya metro line are not between a direct transplant.The noise level at the standard speed - 40 km / h - at a distance of 25 meters is 40-65 dB, so it does not interfere with the residents of neighboring houses, even if the composition is held very close to them.
The main advantage of the monorail is that it's off-road system, ie it is not affected by traffic jams, accidents and hardship on ordinary streets.On the other hand, the special situation complicate the evacuation of passengers, if the need arises.The advantage over the tram lines is that the monorail is more environmentally friendly, though more expensive to build and operate.
Despite the fact that some time ago, the project was considered a failure, the monorail in Moscow "Timiryazevskaya-ENEA" still exists today.Several years ago, there was talk about how to close it, but the government postponed the issue of the capital until 2015, when this route is duplicated branch subway.If this will cause an outflow of passengers from the monorail, the road will be dismantled.The present situation is completely satisfied with the transport department.Of course, the profitability of the question, but the figures are growing steadily, because, since the beginning of 2014 this kind of transport benefited nearly 2 million people, and has more paying passengers.Yet year after year, from the capital budget allocated subsidies.
problems and their solutions
Although it seems that the monorail in Moscow - the perfect solution, and her opponents have consistently critical of this form of transport.Many believe that it just does not fit into the architectural appearance of the city.In addition, the lack of impact the relationship with other modes of transport, although the authorities are constantly trying to solve this problem.Initially it was assumed that the monorail will be integrated into the subway system, but in fact the station the two lines are at a considerable distance from each other.Quite a long time for this type of transport operated individual tickets, but since 2013 all travel documents for the underground can be used for travel on the MMTS.Moreover, the transplant within 90 minutes of additional travel with the ticket is not charged.
Most critics point out the futility of this route and as a popular call it really can not.However, replace the monorail by road is also not possible, at least to the same bus route will take much longer than 16 minutes.Moreover, the mode of operation and the relatively small gap between the MMTS trains do much more attractive.
Monorail in Moscow, obviously, has both advantages and disadvantages.It is unclear what the prospects are waiting for this type of transport in the future.Perhaps the city authorities consider a good light-rail project, operating in the southern part of the city.The route also laid mostly on elevated structures, so that in many ways is similar to the monorail.Meanwhile, MMTS remains too expensive and completely uneconomic mode of transport, although it is possible that in the future this will change.Construction of new lines can help connect the capital with its suburbs, duplicating the busiest commuter train routes.The main thing - without sacrificing integration into the existing transport network.