Leeds Castle is one of the most famous monuments of Belarus.It was created in 1323 on the orders of Duke Gediminas.Its main purpose - is to protect the land from the Crusaders Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which has attracted generous land this part of Europe.
Construction of the castle
Leeds Castle, a photo of which are presented in this article was being built in marshland, in a place where there are rivers Kamenka and Lida.On its northern side was a ditch connecting the river and separates the building from the city.To build this building, the builders were able to create an artificial sand island.Next (ages 16-17) in the period of the castle fortifications on the north side of an artificial lake was created.
Leeds Castle in terms of a quadrilateral irregular shape with 2 corner towers.Its walls were built of brick and rubble.By the way, brick in Eastern Europe and Germany was then very popular.He served as the basis for the emergence of "brick gothic", it, in fact, the castle and executed.
the courtyard of the castle were the economic and residential buildings, while the 16th century the ground floor was taken by the city office buildings - a jail, and the court archive.The yard also housed the Orthodox Church, in 1533 transferred to the city.
On the south wall are still preserved loopholes, which were the same height and tubeless, with different widths.They were all 3 types.The loopholes were needed for the shooting of crossbows and bows.
In the southwestern part of the castle was a tower, close to the square in the plan.The wall thickness was about 3 m, and its height is much higher than the 12-meter long wall of the building.
the north-east of the yard was a 2nd tower, supposedly built in the late 14th century.Then in Belarus and Lithuania created castle fortifications, because the enemy attacks became more frequent and powerful.This tower also has the shape of a quadrilateral.
Castle in the history
Leeds Castle at the end of the 14th century experienced devastating siege enemies.Initially it took the Crusaders, part of his prey, and then - the Anglo-German troops.In the 15th and 16th centuries, the castle is attacked by Crimean Tatars, Prince George Svidrigaylo and troops Svyatoslav.In 1659 Leeds Castle stormed army from Moscow.
In 1394 there was one of the British raids on the Lido, it also took part in the French army.The British intended to plunder the city, but residents themselves burned down all the houses and hid in the castle, so repulsed the attack.Since the city had its own fortifications, the castle is the salvation of the entire local community.
City in 1891, burned down in a fire that destroyed and the castle too.Its wreckage of the city government began to sell bricks and stones went to the restoration of buildings Lida.But after numerous protests of local residents turned out vandalism and looting stopped.
In tsarist times, began the restoration of the castle.Then the Imperial Archaeological Commission on the reconstruction work allocated 946 rubles, although little was done.In the 20 years of work on the restoration took over the Polish specialists, although little they could do.In the eighties of the last century the specialists of the Ministry of Culture of Belarus have restored the northeastern tower and walls, where there is the museum.It is worth knowing, gathered on a trip to Leeds Castle, while the exhibition halls: they are open to visitors every day except Monday, from morning till 7 pm.
The latest restoration of the building took place in 2011, but its results did not disappoint - they rebelled indifferent!It is believed that the work was done very carelessly, with a single goal - to please officials and bring the budget funds allocated for recovery.
Bricklaying carried somehow, artlessly and crooked.On masonry it took an incredible amount of modern solution, and as a result, the walls were huge gap.But the main thing - it's bricks, which have also been "today" and not original;in some places there were even hollow ceramite, some could not do in the Dark Ages.Bricks are also different shades at the same time during installation was not considered their color difference.
Leeds Castle: reviews
Many tourists are at a loss, having been here.They leave the reviews that were unpleasantly surprised to see on the first floor of the exhibition, which reminds many, rather, in the area of local history museum school.Primitive were manufactured everyday objects, lock attributes.Some vacationers grin, talking about the table, which is covered in the main hall of the castle - he just lit a few candles, which, in theory, should have been much more;apparently, they are spared funds.The result is an incredibly dark.Also, tourists leave angry comments that in some places the concrete structure was used, and the ladder is completely made of concrete!Surely such a structure will stand for hundreds of years.But if the people in the XIV century was anything known about reinforced concrete, probably, the history of Eastern Europe and Russia would have been different, and the castle did not suffer such a fate would be like the destruction of the time.