Islands of the Indian Ocean: the description and photo.

Today we look at the Indian Ocean islands.After all, it is the third largest body of water in the world.Its warm waters are a lot of very spectacular tropical islands, which simply can not remain indifferent travelers.In addition, they are all classified as nature reserves.Most of them are mainly concentrated in the western part.Now we take a closer look at some of them, and then, in what types they are divided.Genetically, they are: coral, volcanic and continental.

Mainland and volcanic islands

The former belong to the largest - Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Masirai, Kuria Muria, Socotra, Greater Sunda, as well as many small islands along the coast of Western Australia, Indo-China and Arabia.Most of them - a plateau of limestone in the ancient Precambrian granites.There are also mountainous.Well-known Seychelles have their own, very special structure.Within the ocean floor - the only structures composed of granite.Islands of the Indian Ocean, have a volcanic origin, in turn, divided the islands of the ope

n ocean and the islands of the transition zone.The latter are the elements of island arcs.They have mountainous terrain, their tops crowned with volcanic cones.It Nicobar, Andamanskie and Greater Sunda Islands.They are based at least in volcanic tuff, and to a greater extent - on basalt.Volcanic islands of the Indian Ocean, such as Prince Edward, Crozet, Kerguelen, Saint-Paul, Amsterdam, Mascarene, Comoro, are small and are by surface tops of volcanoes.Around them, there are almost always reefs.

Coral Island

most important feature of this part of the waters of the island are made up of coral.They are for the most part typical of the atolls, which are composed of a large number of Mauchle, coral sand, crushed stone and gravel.A striking example of this atoll - Diego Garcia.But the Indian Ocean islands of coral origin are more complex atolls, consisting of many small atolls, and have up to 150 km in diameter.This huge ring-shaped structures, such islands as coconut, Amirantskie, Chagos, the Maldives, Laccadives.Many of them were formed due to raising reef.A few examples.Christmas Island, a height of 365 meters above sea level, was formed on the top point of lifting Coconut Island Tromelin is five meters above the water level, and below 4,000 meters Mascarene Basin.What has distinguished the coral islands of the Indian Ocean?The fact that they mostly grow coconut trees and preserved dense impenetrable thickets of mangroves.This is particularly characteristic, for example, for the Amirante Islands.With all its beauty and unexplored places, places a special attraction for travelers and tourists.

Islands of the Indian Ocean, a list of the islands of the eastern region

now list you the islands that belong to the region of Eastern India: Andaman, Ashmore and Cartier, Christmas, Kakadu, Cocos (Keeling), Dirk-Hartog, Garden Island, Jaffna, Kangaroo, Langkawi, King Island, Mentawai, Nias, Nicobar, Penang, Koh Phi Phi, Phuket, Simeulue, Sri Lanka, Mannar.Continuing the theme, some islands in the Indian Ocean, in the western part.These are: Agalega, Banque du Geyser, Bassas da India, Cargados Carajos, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros, Europe, Juan de Nova Island, Lakshadweep - Archipelago, Madagascar, the Mafia, the Maldives, Mauritius, Mayotte, Pemba, Reunion, RodriguesSeychelles, Tromelin, Zanzibar.And finally, a few southern islands, which are located to the south of Madagascar: Amsterdam, Crozet, Heard, McDonald, Kerguelen Islands, Prince Edward Island, Saint-Paul.

Madagascar - unique island of the Indian Ocean

If we look at the largest island of the Indian Ocean, it is impossible not to pay attention to Madagascar, whose history begins from the moment when he broke away from Africa, about a few hundred million years.In size it is - the fourth highest among all islands in the world.He collected an amazing variety of plants, animals and birds, the majority of which - about 80% - are unique.Vast forests, are available here attract researchers and scientists around the world.With them on the biological diversity of flora can not compete even the tropics of South America.In these places you can find, even being the time of dinosaurs, such as the chameleon, with forty species.Take another fifty species of lemurs.Together, they have chosen such wonderful trees like baobabs and spiny forest.Due to the uniqueness of the stunning, Madagascar makes consider himself the eighth continent.

Seychelles

If we take the largest island of the Indian Ocean, then they can be attributed to the Seychelles, which became independent in 1976.They occupy an area of ​​455 square kilometers, divided into 23 districts, are from Africa in the distance of 1600 kilometers.Around them are the following islands of Reunion and Mauritius - in the south of Maldives - the north-east and the Comoros - the south-west.The locals here about 80 thousand, most of them are Chinese, Indian, Arab, African and French origin.Native language - Creole, but also widespread English and French.The Seychelles consist of 115 islands, of which 33 are inhabited.The climate is sub-tropical sea, the average annual temperature - 29 degrees in March and November, a lot of rain.Most of the tourists come here for a beach holiday, diving and exploring the natural attractions.

Mauritius - a paradise for holiday

If we consider separately taken the island in the Indian Ocean, the most suitable for a comfortable stay, it is necessary to pay attention to Mauritius.The country of the same name - one of the richest in Africa, characterized by French colonial mansions, colorful Indian temples and croissants for breakfast and curry for dinner.Here the friendly coexistence of different religions and nations, to create a successful multicultural society.The size of a small island, you can drive around in one day, is a resort of the highest class, where excellent service is combined with the huge popularity.In the presence of the broad spectrum of a beach holiday, you can even go fishing for larger fish.