What is the water tours in tourism.

Water hikes - this is the kind of leisure that we are becoming more and more popular.It is not surprising: in our country a lot of wild mountain rivers, amazing beauty of lakes and seas.Sailing on a yacht, rowing boats, canoeing, kayaking, catamaran sailing, rafting, kayaking and rafting - the world of boating is very diverse.Recently, a new kind of extreme rest: to overcome obstacles (cascades and waterfalls) without any water craft, in some heat-suits.This article is dedicated to the organization of water trips.How to anticipate all hazards and avoid them?How to achieve the delicate balance that all trip participants experienced strong emotions from the violence of the wild and, at the same time know that they are protected as much as possible?

Development route and timetable

Preparing for Water campaign requires not only knowledge of the terrain, but also taking into account the climatic and weather conditions, the composition of tourists, their experience and endurance, choice of boats.Not all

rivers are suitable for travel: in small frequent the shallows, thickets, low bridges, dams.In large water areas represent a great danger of the court.Mountain River, suitable for rafting, classified according to their complexity scores from one (very easy) to six (the most extreme).This should be taken into account, selecting a team for a hike.Climate and weather conditions in particular can make adjustments to the level of complexity of the planned route.If the group is newcomers should not choose the river which the slope exceeds 1.5 meters per kilometer.When you plan to go against the flow, then in areas with an elevation angle of 1-1.2 m have to do advance wiring, pull the rope or put poles.It should also provide space for rest stops and overnight.

Organization aqueous march

Responsible for the journey must carry out a thorough inspection of swimming facilities.Unlike hiking, water, all participants should feel united team ready to meet face to face with life-threatening.And because discipline should be tight, like in the army.It is a preliminary briefing, during which familiarize participants with the management of flotation device, say their actions in case of emergencies, the allocation of responsibilities among the team members.

water safety campaigns largely depends on the concerted action of the whole group.If a team has the Cubs, plant them in a kayak or canoe with experienced hikers.Whatever excellent condition may be your boat, take a hike in the repair group master.Such things as spare paddle, a thin rubber for patches, glue and a pump - are required.

During the campaign

Organizer and captains individual kayaks, catamarans or rafts should be able to read the navigation notation, set along the shore and at the water area, to know the basic rules of behavior on the water.On the rivers need to stay close to the shore, as the movement of barges and steamers, motor boats creates a wave threatening lung punts.Stopping overnight, you need to pull out all the boats on the shore and turn their head up.Equipment tourists walking in water tours should be more diverse.Among other things, it should be reserved for rowing gloves, waterproof hermetic bag where to put a full set of clothing and footwear.Products that can be damaged by contact with water, wrapped in plastic wrap.The aft compartment placed heavier loads, and in the bow - light.Personal belongings of tourists tied to the balloon.On the catamaran, it is important to distribute the luggage so that the load of the right and left sides is the same.

movement from

Water trips must take place so that the organizer could see and give orders to the captains of the individual kayak or catamaran.The pace of work sets oars front rower.This steers the ship captain and his assistant.In calm water canoeing and kayaking may move "flock", but the swift current they need to line up in one line.On a shallow place where dangerous for canoes can be jagged rocks and disorderly wave head (on the first boat) gives a command "in the wake column to align."All ships line up to a distance of one to two cases, and follow the leader of the campaign.If the catamaran ran aground, it is unloaded, they are on a rope (or transferred to the hands) and refill bags.In the extreme sections of the ship leaving the team, going around him on the shore.The boat was dragged or transported on a shoestring.Closes column boats assistant organizer.He should be a bag with the repair tool.

Personal protection

Water tours have their own specifics.In addition to a spare set of clothes each participant must have a lifejacket or cork / foam belt.If the trip goes through a turbulent mountain stream, the mandatory motorcycle helmet type that protects the head from hitting the rocks.Hike upstream linked to the active boating, and therefore need gloves with cut fingers.It should also be remembered that, in contrast to hiking in the water load is not on his feet, and muscle groups shoulders, chest, arms and back.In the medicine cabinet should have an analgesic and warming cream.

emergencies in the water hikes

trip on the water, especially rafting, this is to some extent an extreme form of recreation.Therefore, all trip participants must be psychologically prepared for the fact that they turn over the boat, and they will be in the cold and rough waters.Confusion and pasovanie the danger of harm in the same way as the revaluation of its features.Even before the start of the journey must be to "play" with all members of all possible emergencies in the water campaign.It is necessary to bring to automatism algorithm of actions of the team and the victim at a particular danger.It is desirable to work out in the water, developing the skill of throwing and receiving end of a life, osedlaniya kayak riding, swimming in the life jacket on the rapid flow, and so on. D.