Norwegian Sea: the nature and attractions

The focus of this article is puzzling Norwegian Sea.Which it belongs to the ocean - the Atlantic or the Arctic?What is the climate there are other physical and geographic characteristics?And what it is famous for its sights?On this and many other topics in this article.

Where is the Norwegian Sea

On belonging to the waters of the ocean or the other is still being debated.Encyclopedia in this respect there is a discrepancy with the generally accepted point of view.So, she spends border the Arctic Ocean on a circular line Norway - Shetland and the Faroe Islands - Iceland - Jan Mayen - Greenland.Several otherwise determines the cordons of this giant of the Arctic waters of the World Hydrographic Organization.From her point of view, it belongs to the Norwegian Sea Atlantic.After all, the Arctic Ocean extending from the pole to the conventional line Greenland - Iceland - Svalbard - Bear Island - the northern coast of Scandinavia.Thus, we can say that it is a marginal sea of ​​the Atlantic.Especially beca

use it has a similar hydrographic characteristics.For example, it comes to the Atlantic Gulf Stream.The border between the Norwegian and Greenland Seas passes through Cape Gerpir in the east of Iceland, Jan Mayen and Bear.

Physical and geographical characteristics of the waters

Norwegian Sea is bordered by Greenland, North and Barents.It is situated on the continental shelf of Eurasia and covers an area of ​​about one million and four hundred thousand square kilometers.The greatest depth in the Norwegian Sea - 3970 m, but this option is average kilometer and seven hundred meters.In addition, the water area teeming shoals.The largest banks are Lofoten and underwater plateau Kopytova.The salinity of the Norwegian Sea is quite significant - thirty-five ppm.This "rain" indicator is due to a slight runoff of freshwater rivers, but not a high level of volatility as in the waters near the equator.Another interesting indicator of the Norwegian Sea are large tides - an average of 3.3 meters.The water area has many islands.The largest of them - Andøya, sørøya, Arnёyya, seiland, Lofoten, Ringvassøy.Shelf waters of hides in its bosom large oil reserves, the development of which has been to Norway.

weather in the Norwegian Sea

says Big Rosiysskaya Encyclopedia, is the only non-freezing winter waters of the Arctic Ocean.Despite the fact that a large part of the sea lies beyond the Arctic Circle, it is not constrained by the ice.The reason for this phenomenon - for Norwegian, which is an offshoot of the Gulf Stream.The warm waters of the Caribbean, is a favorable factor for the species diversity of flora and fauna.However, contact with cold Arctic air causing fogs and high humidity.Seasonal variations in temperature here are insignificant.Winters are mild, with a predominance of southwesterly winds.But they often bring with serious storm, when the height of waves up to nine meters.In the summer here is cool.If in winter the temperature varies between the marks - 4 - + 4 C, in July, he barely warmed up to + 10-12.Overcast days and strong winds in the summer less, but, of course, about any sunbathing and swimming we can not go.Diving is possible only in the thermal insulation suit.

Fauna and Flora

Of course, the Norwegian Sea can boast such a diversity of species such as coral reefs of the Gulf of Siam, but still it is more inhabited than the adjacent waters of the Arctic Ocean.The warm Gulf Stream not only keeps the zero temperature of water in the polar latitudes, but also allows you to be many kinds of plants and animals.It even sharks swim.From flora to be mentioned kelp, which is produced on an industrial scale, purple, focus and more.In the coastal areas are found benthic crustaceans and molluscs, marine worms.Here lives and is the largest jellyfish in the world - the giant tsianeya.It takes a lobster fishing, lobster, crab and lobster, scallops and mussels.

Attractions

What is interesting for tourists is the Norwegian Sea?Photography is often charming picture of fjords, braid, bays and capes.Sea with strong tides forms a rugged rocky coast.Many cruises aboard the ocean liner offers a journey through the fjords and admiring the polar day or the northern lights.No less remarkable and fishing in the Norwegian Sea.During the warmer months come here to try their luck people from different countries.Basically, the hunt is on Atlantic salmon.You can see the sea, and large mammals - fin whales, narwhal, blue whale, the bowhead whale and the killer whale.On the pebble beach and there are rookeries rookery of seals, beluga whales and other pinnipeds.