Yucatan Peninsula - a huge porous sponge, stone body that cross the thousands of caves.Once upon a time, these catacombs were dry, but after the fall of a meteorite 65 million. Years ago the surface sank and was flooded with rainwater and seawater.Formed stalactites were preserved and now represent a unique sight, a natural phenomenon.Yucatan Peninsula - it is also the birthplace of the legendary Mayan.Do not think that it was wiped out, his descendants live there, but they have completely forgotten about his once magnificent culture.
This place can be safely called "a treasure trove of archaeological finds."It is on the Yucatan can be transferred to many centuries ago, and little to lift the veil and study the life of the ancient peoples who inhabited this region.Although the peninsula, and is known for its exquisite resorts and beaches, but most tourists come here to witness the ruins left by the ancient and once-mighty civilization, their history, to understand the culture and traditions.
Arriving on the Yucatan peninsula, the first thing is to visit Chichen Itza.This is where the religious, cultural and political center of the ancient tribes.Initially, 300 and 900 years.BC.It was the main settlement of the Maya, which is then thrown.Former glory Chichen Itza regained in 1000 BC.e.under the authority of the Toltecs, who ruled it for two and a half centuries.For this reason, to this day in this place are carried out archaeological excavations aimed at restoring and collecting facts about the two historical periods.
at Chichen Itza has several restored buildings, through which you can get an idea of the majesty of ancient civilizations and the exploits they have achieved in the construction.The Yucatan Peninsula is worth a visit on the day of the autumnal equinox, or spring, while the ancient castle there is a shadow in the form of a snake.At Chichen Itza you can also look at the Big Bolkort, Temple of Warriors, Sacred Cenote, and a huge number of objects used during sacrificial rituals.
Also worth visiting El Rey, where the sculpture of the head in the headdress.In addition, there are 47 facilities that are inspected, you can learn more about the lives of ancient peoples and the role of the maritime area in their lives.To see the last resting place of the mighty Mayan, should visit the Yucatan Peninsula.Photo Mayapen settlement areas are not able to transfer all its majesty.It covers an area of 4 km2, therefore, to familiarize yourself with all archaeological sites, is not enough for one day.
worthy of attention is Uxmal, where in 1000 BC.e.Puuc tribe lived.In those days it was a very important settlement, there is a pyramid-gnome, built in honor of the cunning dwarf, deceived the governor and take his place.Yucatan Peninsula on the map depicted in great detail, so to find all the attractions will not be easy.Tourists will be interested to visit Coba, which is the tallest pyramid in the area of 120 degrees and more than 6,000 buildings, although many of them have not yet opened.Also worth a walk through unexplored until the end of the settlement Ksel-Ha with many ruins and admire the fortress city of Tulum, located in the rocks near the Caribbean Sea.