Aircraft Concern Ukraine - Antonov ASTC - together with companies from Russia and other countries has created a family of twin-engine jet regional aircraft that have received marked AN-148-100 (photos presented in the article).These airliners are competitive high-tech aircraft, meets all modern international requirements, standards of environmental and safety issues, as well as the wishes of the companies involved in air passengers.An-148-100 aircraft for passenger and freight transport on main and regional lines.
family and modifications
family of aircraft An-148-100 has three options to 68-85 passengers: A - is a version of the passenger liner short-range (up to 3000 km);B - base version differs from the previous one only flight range (up to 3600 km);E - is characterized by increased range (up to 5,000 kilometers).In addition, there are six versions of the aircraft: increased passenger capacity;with a maximum level of comfort for passengers;utility;Truck with side door;Truck with rear hatch-ramp;s
In the early 90-ies in the design office of Antonov OK, work began on designing a new passenger aircraft - the AN-148-100 (photo in the article demonstrate the airplane).The new machine was to replace outdated An-24, An-72, An-74, Yak-40, Yak-42 and Tu-134.He engaged in the development team of engineers under the direction of P. Balueva.The predecessor of the new model, the An-74 was designed as a cargo transport ship, and was not designed for a comfortable transportation of passengers.Even after removal of engines under the wing on a pylon, which increased fuel efficiency, he could not compete with a number of modern regional jets of the same passenger.
In this situation, the company decided to create a completely new passenger jumbo jet that meets all the requirements of modernity.
Initially, the project was called AN-74-68.The new aircraft is characterized by the shape of the wing, longer fuselage, the engine of the fifth series with a radically new design reverse.However, the economic crisis has delayed the birth of the aircraft.And only in 2001, it began the detailed design phase of the liner.Now the project had a new name - the AN-148.It was based on the concept of aircraft AN-74 TK-300, however, the AN-148-100 (photo) is a machine, created entirely from scratch and is not a modification of the An-74.He increased the length and diameter of the fuselage, a new power circuit design-wing, modern fuel-efficient power units equipped with electronic control system.The first flight tests of the An-148-100 began in late 2004.A June 2, 2009, the first shuttle flight of the new airliner on a route Kharkiv - Kyiv.Two months later, the sky rose the first An-148-100 Russian assembly.
Three months after the first flight test model of the An-148-100 airplane confirmed all the design characteristics of the flight under high angles of attack.Aircraft findings in a stall mode at various altitudes.This was done to test the additional load elements of mechanization and the wing landing gear, typical for different phases of flight airliner.For almost all configurations of AN-148-100 (specialists confirm it reviews) demonstrated quite clearly differing pilot natural features, leading to a stall.The behavior of the liner in critical flight regimes proved to be very favorable, it met all the requirements of aviation rules.
February 26, 2007 the new aircraft, its engine and auxiliary power unit received certificates of the State Aviation Administration of Ukraine and the Aviation Register of the Interstate Aviation Committee.Certification airliner carried out in accordance with the certification basis SB-148, developed on the basis of the aviation regulations and rules of the CIS countries (AP-25), as well as the European CS-25.The level of noise on the ground the aircraft meets the requirements of section 4 of Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Volume 1 "Aviation noise" with amendments till the 7th inclusive) and the requirements of Part 36 Aviation Rules AP-36.In terms of issue - the requirements of the relevant section of Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (volume 2 "Aircraft Engine Emissions" amendment to the fourth inclusive) and the requirements of Aviation Rules AP-34.
consider what innovative solutions, providing a brand new aircraft a number of advantages are realized in this family of aircraft engineers of KB "Antonov".An-148-100 has a high security wing and powertrain from damage by foreign objects.This is due to the scheme of the device - vysokoplan with engines on pylons under the wings.In addition, this series of aircraft can safely operate on different types of runways, including slabopodgotovlennyh, clay, gravel, ice and snow-covered.In addition, the presence of on-board systems, carrying out state registration systems and auxiliary power units, as well as a fairly high level of reliability and operatability allow the use of this family of airliners on any ground.Convenient position of under-floor cargo compartments allows loading and unloading of cargo to dispense with special ground facilities.
for aircraft of this family in the GP "Ivchenko-Progress" has developed a new engine fifth-generation D-436-148.This power unit is equipped with a number of systems for automatic control and monitoring.They provide optimum engine performance in all flight phases, in addition, improve reliability, and reduce maintenance cost and fuel consumption.Powertrains An-148-100 meet modern requirements "Eurocontrol" and ICAO.They claimed the resource is 20 thousand cycles, and 40 000 hours of operation.On request, the planes of the family can also be equipped with modern engines with a thrust of foreign production of not more than 8000 kg.
modern navigation, flight control and radio communication equipment as well as the use of electronic remote control flying Airbus and multifunction indicators allow the use of these aircraft on any air route, including the routes with a fairly high intensity operations, day and night,in simple and in adverse weather conditions.The An-148-100 is provided both manual and automatic samoletovozhdenie.Cruise control allows you to program the required routes, automatic approach in accordance with I, II and III A category ICAO, horizontal and vertical navigation, takeoff and landing schemes STAR and SID.The equipment provides automatic control of all systems in flight and on the ground with the subsequent delivery of information to technical staff and crew.
The family of aircraft data includes a set of security measures.For example, the crew cabin equipped with bullet-proof doors, communication devices, and the crew of flight attendants, a place to store ammunition and weapons, CCTV, place to place explosive devices in the event of them on board in flight, anti-theft devices.
Comfort passenger compartment of aircraft of this family corresponds to the level of comfort of modern trunk liners.In particular, this result was achieved due to rational layout, as well as the composition of the service facilities, the use of modern seats, materials and interior design, ergonomic optimization of individual and common space, and, of course, a low noise level.For entertainment, passengers in a modern infotainment system.Hand luggage is closing in special luggage racks, other than an impressive amount - a total of 4.2 cubic meters.The size of the shelves varies depending on the version of the aircraft.The biggest - in the short-haul and regional airliners.The total volume of baggage and cargo compartments of the An-148, located in the rear and underneath the floor of the passenger cabin of the aircraft - 14.6 cubic meters.
AN-148-100 - circuit
interior layout of the passenger cabin of an airliner designed to carry 68 to 85 people.The aircraft set aside eight to ten seats for business class, the rest - for the economy.Arrangement of seats (shown in the photo above) in business class for two in a row on each side of the aircraft.Inside, the three economy class seats in a row on one side and two on the other side.Above each placed shelves for hand luggage.The distance between the rows in economy class airliner designed for the growth of the average man (to the knees of the passenger has not rested on the back of the next seat. But people with above-average growth will be somewhat uncomfortable. Above each a seat has a button lighting control, control air conditioning, lighting displays and flight attendant call. According to the reviews of passengers on the plane An-148-100 best seats in economy class are the window to the left side of the board (number of two seats).
As always, in this case, people have different responses, sometimes they even diametricallyopposite. Someone says that the plane was very comfortable, the flight takes place in silence, taking off and landing are soft. But others argue that the noise of the engines is quite high, during takeoff and landing aircraft greatly shakes, and say that in the old An-24 fly much better. How many people - so many opinions. Therefore, if you want to make your own, use the services of airlines and compare experiences.
Conclusion Despite its relative youth, these aircraft have strongly occupied a niche in the regional air routes are not only the CIS countries but also in countries in Europe and Asia.Aircraft An-148-100 "Aeroflot", "Russia", "Angara" and other companies of passenger air transportation acquired to replace outdated Tu-134 and others.AN-148 meets all the requirements of safety, efficiency and comfort.All these qualities and have become fundamental factors that make companies give preference to this model.