Kabardino-Balkar Republic: Capital Attractions

Mountains, the shepherds, the flock - Russians middle band is a real exotic.Not surprisingly, the Kabardino-Balkar Republic (KBR) - is one of the most popular domestic tourism places.Caucasus Mountains attract travelers with its beauty and mystery, and the subject is increasingly drawn to the attention of investors.

Historical background

people who lived on the present territory of the CBD, were known in antiquity.We wrote about them historians who lived before Christ.However, more or less completely the ethnic composition was formed only in the Middle Ages and in the XIX century, this land became part of Russia.In its present borders, it is with 1921 and bears the name of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic.

capital Nalchik began its development with a small fortress built in 1818.The first information about the settlement in this area belong to the XVIII century, and in 1921 he received the status of the city and also the capital of the republic.During the war he was seriously hurt, but immediately a

fter the liberation, the restoration of buildings and a normal life.Nevertheless, this does not trouble the local people over.In 1944 began the forced deportation of the Balkars in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan to transfer part of the land for military needs in Georgia.

In general, the city developed like any other: new businesses were created, gradually developed strong economic ties.And after the collapse of the Soviet Union it had to establish this all again.Despite the relative proximity to the so-called "hot spots", all of Kabardino-Balkar Republic, the capital and major cities are quite well in terms of terrorist threats.The most significant episodes are the incidents that occurred in 2005 and 2011.


Today, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, the capital and largest city is still Nalchik, it is an important subject of the Russian Federation in terms of recreational, environmental, forest resources.This is an important agricultural center, while actively lately to develop the infrastructure and services.In addition, the region has an amazing unique culture, maintains as state, in addition to Russian, the languages ​​of the titular nations.

on its territory, Kabardino-Balkar Republic contains the highest peak of Russia - Elbrus.As a rule, this mountain, because of the blurred border between Asia and Europe, and belong to the famous list of the "Seven Summits", sometimes replacing it with the Mont Blanc.In addition, there is located a further 6 so-called "five-thousands", attracts a large number of climbers.

In recent years, the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria Republic (Nalchik) is experiencing a gradual but steady outflow of population as a whole entity.Now the region is home to about 850,000 people, about half of them are Kabardians.


Since the active development of the city began relatively recently, very very old buildings and architectural examples are to be found.But this does not mean that the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria completely uninteresting, and throughout the region to see nothing at all.The most popular tourist destination in Nalchik is the park.There is a building of the famous restaurant "Sosruko", built in the form of the head of the hero popular with locals legends.Back in the city there is evidence that people lived here long before our era - a burial ground, which many in the North Caucasus.

If we talk about what is interesting Kabardino-Balkar Republic in general, the first thing that comes to mind is, of course, mountains.Almost all the attractions associated with the landscape: the high peaks, picturesque gorges, lakes, waterfalls, parks.Perhaps, indeed, the most interesting for tourists here is nature.

Firstly, we can not ignore Elbrus and adjacent territories are natural reserves.In this same area is extremely popular Baksan Gorge, which annually visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists.

Another point of destination that attracts travelers in the CBD - Cherek canyon.In front of him are the famous Blue Lake, and no less popular Missing Lake, which is a funnel is now with nearly vertical walls, the bottom of which can be found and a pond.In the same valley, tourists must visit Chegem waterfalls.In addition, the gorge itself is a large number of ancient buildings, ruins of villages, castles and so on.. In general, will not be bored.


Of course, we can not ignore the intangible heritage, which is rich in Kabardino-Balkar Republic.Capital, of course, not a place where you can see people on the streets in national costume and on horseback, but in some places you can see on this.Despite the fact that in Soviet times, much has been lost, it is now being restored and re-apply customs and rituals that are hundreds of years old accounted for the life of local peoples.Many of them are inextricably linked to agriculture and lifecycle, as well as family holidays.Reborn vocal art, crafts, festivals are held regularly.


traditional local business entities is based on agriculture.Here there are large industrial enterprises, but, like almost everywhere else in Russia, in recent decades, they are in a state of stagnation.Collar is in the process of formation.Perhaps for any serious development it is now possible to speak only in the energy sector.

In recent years, as part of the development of infrastructure and support for small businesses on the basis of Kabardino-Balkaria, began the creation of special business incubators.One of them is located in the capital, the other - the second most populous city, cool.The third is in the Baksan district.

investment climate

already mentioned business incubators assist budding entrepreneurs, including in the provision of suitable production facilities.Property Kabardino-Balkarian Republic (KBR) has the potential for the development of the business environment.But the country does not stop.

Not so long ago elected head of the CBD her native Yuri Kokov builds its policy development of the region is fairly evenly, affecting every major industry.It is engaged in the development of infrastructure, social services and, of course, industry and services.

Not so long ago launched a special program entitled "Investment passport of the Kabardino-Balkaria Republic," which is multitasking in nature.In accordance with this plan, potential sources of capital can obtain a variety of relevant information on the economic condition of the subject, the possible areas of interest, the business environment in general.


The main difficulty of the CBD, as well as many other subjects of the Russian Federation, are difficulties in attracting investment.This is compounded by the problem of depopulation, which has become topical in recent years.The strong dependence of the federal budget, and proximity to a point of regular conflict also does not make life easier.All together it creates a set of interrelated problems not only in Kabardino-Balkaria, but the whole of the North Caucasus as a whole.However, this region has a huge potential.

development prospects

Overall, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, the capital city, major towns and south-western part of the Elbrus is a potentially interesting enough for investors.The entire region has a better chance soon become an extremely popular ski resort and a great place for environmental, gastronomic, recreational, cultural and many other types of tourism.

This, however, does not put an end to the other sectors of the economy.Reasonable investment and federal grants can help the subject literally "bloom."But poor management - to nullify all the local benefits.